GSA Position Statement:
Visas for Foreign Scientists and Students
The Geological Society of America (GSA) endorses a United States visa system that supports
international scientific exchange and cooperation. Government visa policy is especially important to
the earth sciences because
1. Earth science is inherently an international endeavor because it is not possible to understand
Earth by studying only those parts of the planet that fall within the boundaries of a single
2. Progress in Earth science requires international field research, participation in international
conferences, access to international research facilities, and other activities that involve
international exchange and cooperation.
3. Delays in issuing visas to Earth scientists responding to natural disasters—such as earthquakes,
tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and floods—can result in loss of life, loss of property, and loss of
scientific opportunities. Earth scientists can help prevent some natural hazards from becoming
natural disasters through international exchange and collaboration.
Conclusions and Recommendations
GSA believes the United States must have a visa system that supports international scientific exchange
and cooperation. We are confident that it is possible to have a system that protects national security
and yet is still timely and transparent, provides for thorough reviews of applicants, and welcomes the
finest talent. Scientific exchange and security are not mutually exclusive; to the contrary, they
complement each other, and each is vital to the other.
The Department of State, the Department of Homeland Security, and other partner agencies have worked
closely with the scientific community in recent years to make the visa process less cumbersome. We urge
the current Administration to take these additional steps to address some of our concerns.
- Address the current backlog whose application is supported by a qualified university, scientific
body, or corporation should receive a determination on his or her visa application within 30 days.
Longer delays are very disruptive to scientific study, research, and collaborations.
- The Department of State and its partner agencies should reduce repetitive reviews of international
researchers and scholars who regularly travel to the United States to attend academic conferences
and conduct research.
- Longer duration clearances and visas are needed. Protocols should be established to make treatment
of applicants more consistent. Consular staff at posts abroad should receive regular training on
protocols for initiating a Visas Mantis review so that this screening tool can be used appropriately
and consistently. Additional training and guidance for consular staff can enhance security while
simultaneously reducing the number of applications submitted for Visas Mantis reviews, thereby
alleviating potential delays.
- We recommend that the Department of State provide more transparency for visa applicants who
experience delays and establish a special review process to address applications pending for more
than 30 days.
- Review and streamline the Technology Alert List (TAL) to include only subject areas that clearly
have explicit implications for national security. The list identifies sensitive areas of science and
technology in which exports of technology or information might be controlled. However, over the
years, the TAL has been broadened, and it now restrains and inhibits legitimate areas of scientific
- Continue and expand ongoing efforts to renegotiate visa reciprocity agreements between the United
States and key sending countries to extend the duration of visas each country grants students and
scholars of the other and to permit multiple entries on a single visa. Improved reciprocity and
allowing multiple entries would reduce the number of visa renewals that must be processed.
- Convene a high-level interagency panel to review the full range of visa-related policies and
procedures put into place after 9/11. Many policies and procedures designed to enhance national
security were put into place after 9/11. An evaluation of their cost effectiveness is needed, and
ineffective and unnecessary procedures should be revised or eliminated. Such a review would resolve
these and other outstanding issues.
- of visa applications as expeditiously as possible by providing sufficient resources to the
Department of State and its partner agencies to allow timely processing of visa applications. This
action must be taken to prevent the world from again believing that the United States does not
welcome international students, scholars, and scientists.
- Streamline the visa process for credentialed short-term visitors in science and technology fields. A
non-immigrant visa applicant who is a legitimate graduate student, researcher, or professional in
any field of science and technology, and Rationale
Our nation’s colleges and universities, corporations engaged in scientific research and development, and
scientific and technical organizations are the engines of the new knowledge, innovation, and advanced
training that power the country’s research enterprise and contribute greatly to economic and national
security. Moreover, they are important hubs of international scientific and technical exchanges, and
they play a vital role in facilitating educational and cultural interactions that help to spread our
Representatives of organizations of U.S. higher education, science, and engineering, and corporations
seeking to hire international talent, are deeply concerned about the significant increase in delays
experienced by many international students, scholars, and scientists who have applied for visas to work,
study, conduct research, or attend conferences in this country.
Lengthy and unnecessary delays frustrate and discourage many of the best and brightest international
students, scholars, and scientists from studying and working in the United States or attending academic
and scientific conferences here and abroad. This compromises our ability to attract international
scientific talent and maintain scientific and economic leadership. As delays continue, highly qualified
individuals are more likely to decide not to come to the United States, which damages the nation’s
ability to foster technological innovation and job creation.
A system that maintains our nation’s security while encouraging the entry of the brightest and most
qualified international students, scholars, scientists, and engineers will bolster American scientific
and economic competitiveness, as well as help restore America’s image abroad.
Adopted May 2005; Revised April 2012, October 2017, November 2020.