Geological Society of America
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Search Help:

  • Standard vs. Advanced Searches:
    Standard, or "Free Text" searches cause the system to identify the meaning of the query. Therefore, although exact matches will be returned, words or phrases with a similar meaning with also be returned.
    Advanced searches allow Boolean AND, OR and NOT terms to be used.
  • Ignored 'Noise' words:
    These are common words such as: a, an, and, as and others. These words will be ignored by the search engine unless they are part of a Boolean (see below) search.
  • Punctuation marks:
    Punctuation marks such as: ; (semicolon), : (colon), . (full stop/period), , (comma) and others are ignored by the search engine.
  • Special Characters:
    To use specially treated characters such as &, |, ^, #, @, $, (, ), in a query, enclose your query in quotation marks (“).
  • Case:
    The search engine is case insensitive so the query "User Manual" will return the same results as "user manual".
  • Keyword Search:
    The query, user manual will return all documents containing the words "user" and "manual". This type of search will return the same results as the Boolean "user" AND "manual".
  • Phrase Search:
    The query, "user manual" which will only return documents containing "user manual".
  • Boolean Searches:
    The query, user AND NOT manual will return documents containing "user" but not "manual".
    The query, user AND manual will return documents containing the words "user" and "manual".
    The query, user OR manual will return documents containing "user" and also documents containing "manual".
  • Wildcards:
    The query man* will return all documents containing "man" as part of a word, i.e. "manual", "manually" and so on.