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All illustrations, whether line drawings or photographs, are considered figures. GSA prefers electronic files but sometimes may have to scan clean hard copy if the files are unusable. To ensure the best possible results, please prepare art for illustrations according to the following guidelines.

General Style Electronic Fill Patterns

 General Guidelines for All Figures

General Style Electronic Fill Patterns top

 Style Guidelines

  Inches Picas Centimeters
Three-column width 2-1/3 14 5.93
Two-column width 3-1/2 21 8.9
Page width 7-1/8 43 18.1
Page depth 9-1/2 56-1/2 22.5
General Style Electronic Fill Patterns top

 Electronic Figures

Online Submission and Revision

Electronic figure/photo files should be uploaded in TIFF, GIF, JPEG, EPS, Postscript, Pict, PDF, Powerpoint, or Excel  format and should be clearly labeled with author name, figure number, and file extension, outside of the image area. We do NOT accept MSWord or LaTeX format for figure files.

Accepted Publication-Quality Figures

When your manuscript has been accepted, you will be asked to provide publication-quality graphics. We require two electronic files for each figure: one in the program in which it was created (native format), and one in EPS, TIF, or PDF format. We will also ask for scannable hard copies to be mailed with the electronic files. Generally, halftones should not be scanned at higher than 600 dpi (dots per inch); line art is usually good at 1200 dpi.

The following native graphics formats work best, as long as the version of the application is noted and the file is labeled with the correct extension:

If you create either TIF or EPS files, they must be between 300 and 600 dpi resolution at the desired print size. Label figure files with author name, figure number, and extension. Make sure that the hard copy of the figure that you send matches the electronic file of the figure. Files created in any application other than those listed above should be saved as a .tif or .eps. We do NOT accept low-resolution 72 dpi images (no web images). Transparencies and drop-shadows tend to cause conversion issues in Canvas; please avoid these when possible.

Best Resolution

For all figure files, line art should be saved at 1200 dpi at 100% size. Photos alone should be saved at 300 dpi (or higher). Color images should be saved at 350 dpi (or higher) at 100% size.

Placed/Imported images

All images that have been placed or imported into your figure file must accompany this file on disk (i.e., if you import/place a photograph into Illustrator, called photo.tif, you MUST supply this photo.tif electronic file along with your Illustrator file).

Digital Camera images

Files created by digital cameras are preferred as TIFF or RAW format (though .jpeg is acceptable) and must be at least 300-600 ppi when scaled to the desired print size (be sure that your camera is set for highest resolution for best results). We do not accept 72 dpi photo images.

Invisible Elements

Many graphics files contain unnecessary "invisible" elements. These are sometimes imported graphics that the creator of the file has traced over and then set not to print. To save on printer time and to cut down on file size, it is best to delete the unnecessary element rather than just set it not to print.

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 Fill Patterns for scannable artwork