|Watch GSA Connection throughout the summer for highlights of all eight Pardee Keynote Symposia. Highlights will also appear below as they become available.|
Pardee Keynote Symposia — EXTRA
Pardee Keynote Symposia are a long-standing tradition at GSA Meetings. Supported by grant monies from the Joseph T. Pardee Memorial Fund since the mid-1990s, these interdisciplinary, invited-speaker sessions were conceived to represent issues on the leading edge of a scientific discipline or area of public policy, and address broad, fundamental issues of interest to the geoscience community. Historically, selection has been on a competitive basis, with proposals evaluated and ranked by a select few members from the Joint Annual Program Committee. Final acceptance was given by the Annual Program Committee (APC).
This year, in order to enhance their range and significance, the APC has taken a more active role in selecting the 2009 Pardee Keynote Symposia sessions and is working closer with the conveners of these sessions. APC has welcomed the opportunity for conveners to have more flexibility in creating a session format that works best for the topic at hand.
All sessions will take place at the Oregon Convention Center, 777 NE MLK, Jr. Blvd., Portland.
P1. Crisis in the Cryosphere: Impacts of Planetary Meltdown
George Stone, Andrew Buddington, and Michael Mann
Wed., 21 Oct, 1:30–5:30 p.m.
Anthropogenic warming is rapidly destabilizing the global climate system. All components of the cryosphere — our planetary thermometer — are in decline: ice sheets and outlet glaciers, ice caps and mountain glaciers, ice shelves and sea ice, and permanently frozen ground (permafrost). This worldwide meltdown forewarns humanity of dramatic changes in all Earth systems, including potentially catastrophic impacts on water supplies, sea level and coastlines. Because of the vital importance of cryosphere monitoring, this symposium convenes leading researchers to document current behavior and provide impact projections for geoscientists, educators and policy makers.
Left: A narrow ice bridge connecting Charcot Island and Latady Island — the last remnant of the northern part of Antarctica’s Wilkins Ice Shelf — broke apart in early April 2009. Click on images to enlarge.
Photo courtesy of National Snow and Ice Data Center.
P2. Crustal Tectonic Deformation as Revealed by Seismic Anisotropy
Crustal seismic anisotropy data are becoming more widely collected but their meaningful interpretations rely on multidisciplinary ties between tectonics, microtextural analysis, seismic wave theory and non-traditional field experiments. This symposium focuses on material anisotropy associated with tectonic processes, their resulting rock fabrics, and what characteristics might produce a seismically anisotropic signature. Factors include intensity and continuity of textures, structural geometry and internal configurations, and lateral and vertical scales of features relative to seismic wave resolvability. Presentations will examine tectonic processes that form anisotropic fabrics, potential differences that could be used as discriminants if detected by seismic waves, and some key terranes where such studies have been or might be applied.
Photo: Anisotropic slates of the Taiwan Central Ranges under a rare snowfall. Click on image to enlarge.
P3. Earth et al. — Our Planets from the Hadean to Today
This session is designed to introduce the scientific disciplines geobiology and geomicrobiology to the broad audience of geo- and bioscientists. In 12 presentations given by top scientists in the field, the latest research highlights on the evolution of life and Earth’s environments will be explored. Topics include the origin of life, the rise and diversification of organisms from the first unstructured organic ‘slime’ to skeleton-forming macroorganisms, and the search for life on other planets — one of the greatest challenges we face.
In order to understand the evolution of life, geobiology compares modern with ancient environments. In a modern tidal flat, microbial mats composed of benthic cyanobacteria display a polygonal fracture pattern (left photo). The same polygonal fracture pattern is visible on the surface of a tidal sandstone bed in the 2.9 Ga old Pongola Supergroup, South Africa, and gives rise to the question, if cyanobacteria have been highly evolved already that time (right photo). Click on image to enlarge.
P4. First Global View of the Geology of Mercury: Dynamic Landscapes on the Innermost Planet
Louise Prockter & Sean C. Solomon
Tues., 20 Oct, 1:30–5:30 p.m.
The session will include one speaker, Bob Strom, who was a member of the original Mariner 10 science team. Bob is one of the founders of modern planetary geology and is an expert in surface morphology, particularly the effects of impact cratering. This session will also include brand new results from MESSENGER's third flyby of Mercury, on September 28th, 2009.
|Mercury flyby. Photo courtesy JHU/APL and the MESSENGER Web site.
Click on photo for larger image.
P5. Geodynamics from the Cascadia Margin to the High Lava Plains
Anita L. Grunder, G. Randy Keller, Rick W. Carlson, Michael Brudzinski, Bernie Housen, Basil Tikoff
Wed., 21 Oct., 8 a.m.–noon
This session is dedicated to understanding the geodynamic evolution of the Cascadia margin and High Lava Plains, from the Miocene (18 Ma) until the present. The session will synthesize geological, geophysical, and geochemical research that addresses modification of the lithosphere through tectonism and magmatism.
Click on images to enlarge.
P6. Google Earth to Geoblogs: Digital Innovations in the Geosciences
Digital technologies such as Web 2.0 services, virtual globes, and new applications of digital photography can enhance understanding of geology at all levels and across disciplines. Presenters in this symposium will showcase practical applications of new digital tools: the OneGeology project, geoblogging, Google Earth for education, and site surveys with panoramic high-resolution photography. A focal presentation will involve creation of a virtual field trip using the tools discussed here. The session will also feature interactive small group demonstrations designed to give attendees the opportunity to discuss projects with keynote speakers and other presenters. Topical session T160 will address similar themes.
P7. Hazards and Health: Preventing Disaster and Building Resilience on the Ring of Fire
Geological Society of New Zealand
International Association of Emergency Managers
International Medical Geology Association
International Union of Geological Sciences
International Union for Quaternary Research
U.S. Geological Survey
Monica E. Gowan, David Applegate, Scott Burns, John Clague, David Johnston
Mon., 19 Oct., 8 a.m.–noon
This symposium will highlight new interdisciplinary directions for managing risk at the crossroads of hazards, health and emergency management, and emphasize how uniting the efforts of natural and social scientists is vital to the well-being of disaster-prone communities. International experts will address how professionals from diverse fields of research and practice can effectively collaborate to prevent disaster from following earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes and landslides; share leading-edge examples for identifying at-risk populations and building community resilience; and discuss emerging priorities and opportunities for interdisciplinary research, disaster management and risk communication around the Pacific Rim.
Invited Keynote Speakers (listed alphabetically)
- David Johnston, School of Psychology, GNS Science/Massey University Joint Centre for Disaster Research, Wellington, New Zealand
- Jonathan Mayer, Department of Geography/School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
- Dennis Mileti, Professor Emeritus, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA
- Laurie Pearce, Justice Institute of British Columbia, Royal Roads University, North Vancouver, British Columbia
- Jay Wilson, Clackamas County Emergency Management, Oregon City, Oregon, USA
Invited Keynote Panelists (listed alphabetically)
- Scott Burns, Portland State University Department of Geology, Portland, Oregon, USA
- John Clague, Department of Earth Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
- John Ewert, US Geological Survey, Vancouver, WA
- Craig Weaver (to be confirmed), US Geological Survey, Seattle, WA
- Nathan Wood, US Geological Survey, Menlo Park, WA
- Monica E. Gowan, Health Sciences Centre, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences Research, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. ,
- David Applegate, Earthquake Hazards Program, US Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, USA.
- Scott Burns, Department of Geology, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, USA.
- John Clague, Department of Earth Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.
- David Johnston, School of Psychology, GNS Science/ Massey University Joint Centre for Disaster Research, Wellington, New Zealand.
Ad hoc Scientific Advisory Committee
- Organizing Committee members (above)
- Jim Cole, Natural Hazards Centre, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
- Cynthia Gardner, Cascades Volcanoes Observatory, US Geological Survey, Vancouver, Washington
- Linda Gundersen, Geology Program, US Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
- Michael Rosen, Nevada Water Science Center, US Geological Survey, Carson City, Nevada
- Jeff Rubin, Tualatin Valley Fire and Rescue, Tualatin, Oregon
- Carol Stewart, Environmental Toxicologist, Wellington, New Zealand
- Tom Wilson, Natural Hazards Centre, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
- Nathan Wood, Geography Division, US Geological Survey, Vancouver, Washington
P8. The Evolution of Basaltic Landscapes: Time and the River and Lava Flowing
Photos by G. Grant,
Gordon E. Grant (USDA Forest Service), Kathy V. Cashman (University of Oregon), and Oliver A. Chadwick (University of California, Santa Barbara)
Sun., 18 Oct, 8 a.m.–noon
When John Wesley Powell first encountered lava flows spilling over the rim of the Grand Canyon into the Colorado River he wrote “What a conflict of water and fire there must have been here! Just imagine a river of molten rock running down over a river of melted snow.” This Pardee session imagines just that, combining scientific perspectives on the interaction between two great geophysical fluids — lava and water. Themes and landscapes discussed include the development of the Hawaiian and Galapagos Islands, ten million year drama between the Columbia River and voluminous flood basalts, and evolution of life on lava flows. The final talk will consider another great geophysical fluid — the exceptional wine produced from basalt terroir.
Speakers and topics:
- Don Depaolo
Growth and Evolution of the Island of Hawaii: Perspectives from HSDP Deep Drilling
- Stephen Reidel
Landscape Evolution in a Flood-Basalt Province: An Example from the Pacific Northwest
- P. Kyle House
Impacts of Basaltic Volcanism on Incised Fluvial Systems: Does the River Give a Dam?
- Steven Ingebritsen
The Hydrogeology of Basaltic Terrane
- Dennis Geist
Geomorphic Evolution of a Near-Ridge Hotspot and Relation to Phylogeography and Biodiversity: The Galapapagos
- Oliver Chadwick
Weathering, Soil and Hydrological Properties of Lava Flows
- Kevin Pogue