Editors: Julian J. Bommer, William I. Rose, Dina L. López, Michael J. Carr, and Jon J. Major
Scientists, especially geoscientists, must increasingly focus research, training, and other work on the mitigation of natural hazards in less-developed countries. Each country is different: natural hazard mitigation occupies varying ranks in national priorities, and it is often difficult to complete work that has an impact on a country and builds its infrastructure. The requirements of such work may leave scientists feeling unprepared, and little comprehensive literature is available regarding these challenges. This volume meets a vital need: it focuses on a single country but provides information that will be useful for other countries as well. El Salvador is a small, third-world country with significant seismic, landslide, and volcanic hazards. Recent events in El Salvador include civil war, floods, drought, and major hurricanes, earthquakes, and landslides, and the country has forged a new plan to help it face these severe natural hazards. This plan includes the development of a new geological agency, which is seeking outside assistance. Scientists throughout the world are already doing significant work aimed at helping with this effort, work that is part of a worldwide endeavor to enhance the local infrastructure’s ability to mitigate natural hazards. The effort in El Salvador is of interest to the entire community of natural hazards workers and particularly to geoscientists concentrating on hazard mitigation. This volume highlights volcanic, seismic, and landslide hazards, with contributions from Salvadorans as well as scientists from North America and Europe.